Congratulations, You are one step ahead & way more intelligent than 75% of the people on the earth. Because more than half of the Earth’s population don’t ever hear the word “Precision Medicine or Personalized Medicine or Individualized Medicine.“
You are superior, healthy & more active than others, Right! Then why the doctor gave the same medicine to you and an old person? Here comes the concept of precision medicine.
What is Precision Medicine?
Precision medicine takes into account a patient’s genes, environment and lifestyle, and even the microscopic organisms that are living inside of us. And then customizes medical decisions based on that information.
It is different from the traditional one-size-fits-all approach, in which the same medicines are given to all the people without consideration for the differences between individuals.
Precision medicine is about matching the right medicine to the right people.
We all know, it is crucial to know a person’s blood type before giving them a transfusion. Similarly, understanding individual variations would help the doctor to prescribe the right dose of the right medication.
The future of Precision Medicine
It holds a lots of stunning promises for improving many aspects of health & lifestyle.
- First & foremost, more accurate to predict which treatments will work best for specific patients.
- Increasing the efficiency of medicine and decreasing the cost of medicines.
- A Better understanding of how various diseases
- Using your family health history to prevent disease or find it at an early stage.
- It holds promises for better treatment of cancer and heart diseases.
- Giving patients’ genetic and
other molecular databaseto doctor for better analysis of the disease.
Challenges for Precision Medicine
Although this approach will decrease the use & cost of medicines, still it is expensive to a normal patient in today’s world. This is a million dollar project.
Technologies such as sequencing large amounts of DNA are still expensive to carry out.
In 2001, a human genome cost about $100 million to sequence. Now it costs about $1,000 per genome. But it generates a hell lot of information & we still have to analyse it.
Sequencing one human genome generates about 200 GB of Information.
Precision medicine is still in its infancy. It is like Samsung’s folding phone which is currently too expensive but it will be a common gadget for all people in the near future.