There are a lot of myths and misconceptions about HIV and AIDS. People generally have very less and inaccurate knowledge about this topic.
So, we are here with this article to clear all your doubts on HIV AIDS.
There was a time when a diagnosis of HIV or AIDS was considered a death sentence
Thanks to the development of new treatments, nowadays people with HIV who takes regular antiretroviral therapy (ART) can expect to live a near-normal life span.
Are AIDS and HIV the same?
HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
NO! HIV and AIDS are not the same thing.
HIV is a retrovirus (RNA virus) that causes AIDS (most advanced stage of HIV infection). People with HIV do not always have AIDS.
In simpler words, HIV is a virus and AIDS is the disease.
Without treatment, it generally takes about 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS.
What is HIV?
HIV is a retrovirus that damages the immune system, making it easier for people to get sick.
Over time, untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells (a type of immune cells, T lymphocyte).
Once HIV is in the immune system, it multiplies inside the CD4 cells, disabling and killing them in the course of the infection. Thus interfering with their normal function.
What is Gene Therapy & how it works?
What is AIDS?
AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV. AIDS or stage 3 HIV, develops when HIV has caused serious damage to the immune system.
A person is said to have AIDS when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection, and they develop certain defining symptoms and illnesses.
An HIV infection doesn’t necessarily progress to stage 3. In fact, many people with HIV live for years without developing AIDS.
To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS.